INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTHCARE
HCI and Consumer Health Informatics Issues in Healthcare IT
There are a wide range of users affected by emerging technologies in health care and a wide range of services these technologies can offer. On the side of health care professionals, healthcare organizations worldwide are currently undertaking massive transformations and additions to their IT infrastructure. Health care professionals use health technologies to comply with changing regulations, improve patient care, and provide improved support for office staff, clinicians, and patients.
In addition after decades of development of health technology systems designed primarily for physicians and other healthcare managers and professionals, there is an increasing interest in reaching and empowering patients directly through computers and telecommunications systems . Consumer participation may take place at various points in the care process: prevention, diagnosis, treatment, monitoring, and/or maintenance, and HCI issues emerge at each stage.
History suggests that the success of emerging healthcare applications and new innovations will depend to a large degree on the ability of people to use them effectively and efficiently. Human-computer interaction (HCI) research can provide valuable guidance to the design, implementation, and evaluation processes to improve the usability of healthcare IT.
Thus, potential exists for HCI and consumer health informatics
researchers to apply existing knowledge to improve healthcare IT, formulate new
theories and practices, and create new technologies in light of HCI
considerations specific to the healthcare context.
This minitrack provides a focused outlet for HCI and consumer health informatics researchers in healthcare domains to share and discuss the results of their work. Research is welcomed on any work that focuses on users (health consumers, medical professionals, and others) and related usability. Various methodologies (design science, qualitative, and quantitative work) are welcome.
Broad categories of suitable papers will include:
Ann Fruhling is the
Director of the School of Interdisciplinary Informatics and an Associate
Professor in the College of Information Science and Technology at the University
of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO). Dr. Fruhling’s research interests include
human-computer interaction and usability evaluation, user interface design,
agile methods, and software engineering solutions for health care emergency
response systems. She has received numerous grants for research focusing on a
public health emergency response system called STATPack, (Secure
Telecommunication Application Terminal Package), a bioterrorism preparedness
system that supports remote laboratory diagnostics and consultation. Her
research studies have appeared in publications including Journal Management
Information Systems, Communications of the Association for Information Systems,
Journal of Computer Information Systems, International Journal of Electronic
Health Care, International Journal of Cooperative Information Systems, and
Journal of Electronic Commerce Research. She also has book chapters in
Value Based Software Engineering, Patient-Centered E-Health, and Advances in
Management Information Systems (forthcoming) and numerous conference papers.
Rich Burkhard is Assistant Professor in the Department of MIS in the College of Business at San Jose State University, and Research Fellow at the Kay Center for e-Health at Claremont Graduate University. Rich's research work focuses on e-Health Systems and Services, Emergency Health Services, Virtual Collaboration, and the design of systems to serve these goals. Rich's research is published in the Communications of the AIS (CAIS), the Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, the Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, as well as chapters and conference proceedings in related areas.
SEND INQUIRIES TO:
Ann Fruhling (Primary Contact)
University of Nebraska at Omaha
San Jose State University
Health Cyberinfrastructure: Applications and Technologies for Population Health and Health Services
Cyberinfrastructure, related to the broader conceptualization of network and information technologies (1-3), comprises both the technical and social dimensions of the electronic information infrastructure vital for modern science. The rapid evolution of public health and medical informatics requires a robust infrastructure that can manage diverse facets of this burgeoning health-related information environment, including production, storage, harmonization, access, analysis, and use of data. Relevant to the notion of data use, cyberinfrastructure also pertains to the burgeoning growth of applications that use both established (e.g., surveillance, research, administrative, biological, genomic/proteomic…) and emerging data sources (e.g., EHRs/PHRs, mobile devices, web 2.0, data.gov…) for public health impact (4).
This minitrack solicits papers on a range of topics related to cyberinfrastructure, public health, and health services from academic, industry, and policy perspectives. Sample topics include the following:
Infrastructure Requirements and Developments:
Emerging U.S. networks (Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN), Public Health Information Network (PHIN), Cancer Research Network (CRN)) and international networks as models for applications and research
Health Innovations Using Cyberinfrastructure:
Use of population surveillance databases (e.g., Health Information National Trends Survey, and National Health Interview Survey) to develop innovative health applications for various stakeholders including providers, policy-makers, and consumer audiences.
Use-inspired and community-based research on cyberinfrastructure systems in the areas of health promotion, cancer prevention and treatment, emergency response, and chronic disease and disability management
Users, Stakeholders, and Policy:
National Research Council. Evolving the High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative to Support the Nation’s Information Infrastructure. Washington DC: National Academies of Science Press, 1995.
National Research Council. Innovation in Information Technology. Washington DC: National Academies of Science Press, 2003.
National Science Foundation. Cyberinfrastructure Vision for 21st Century Discovery. Arlington VA, 2007: www.nsf.gov/pubs/2008/nsf0728/nsf0728.pdf.
Chismar, W, T Horan, B Hesse, S Feldman, & A Shaikh, “Health Cyberinfrastructure for Collaborative Use-Inspired Research and Practice,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Special Supplement on Cyberinfrastructure for Consumer Health. In press, 2011.
Thomas Horan (Primary Contact)
Claremont Graduate University
Abdul R. Shaikh
National Cancer Institute
University of Hawai'i at Mānoa
Claremont Graduate University
Innovative Data Analysis and Data Mining Tools in Biomedical INFORMATICS
In the current Information age, further progress of Medical Sciences requires successful integration with Computational and Information Sciences. This minitrack attempts to attract innovative ways of how such integration can be achieved via Bioinformatics and Biomedical Informatics research.
The focus of data analysis and data mining tools in biomedical research highlights the current state of research in the key biomedical research areas such as bioinformatics, medical informatics and biomedical imaging. Addressing security concerns in managing and accessing medical data, while facilitating the ability to integrate and correlated different biomedical databases remains the most outstanding problem in biomedical research. The amount of available biomedical data continues to grow in an exponential rate; however, the impact of utilizing such resources remains minimal. The development of innovative tools to integrate, analyze and mine such data sources is a key step towards achieving large impact levels.
Main topics to be covered in this minitrack include development of algorithms and tools aimed to solve the vast spectrum of challenging data utilization problems appearing in health care and in various areas related to biomedical research, particularly issues related to the ability to utilize heterogeneous Biological and Clinical databases. These developments include the use of advanced mathematical and statistical methods (such as graph theory, Bayesian networks, hidden Markov models and machine learning), as well as utilization of advanced IT techniques (such as ontology, data warehousing, integration of information).
Therefore, this minitrack has an IT focus with emphasis on database and data mining tools in biomedical research. We solicit research that addresses the issues of how to collect, manage and analyze heterogeneous databases. This will include clustering algorithms, classification techniques and the development of stochastic models for data integration and mining.
Topics may include but not limited to the following:
Hesham H. Ali is a Professor of Computer Science and the Lee and Wilma Seaman Distinguished Dean of the College of Information Science and Technology (IS&T), at the University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO). He is also the deputy director for computational sciences of the Nebraska Informatics Center for Life Center (NICLS), and the director of the UNO Bioinformatics Core Facility. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in 1988, and his BS and MS from the University of Alexandria, in 1982 and 1985, respectively, all in Computer Science. He has published numerous articles in various IT areas including scheduling, distributed systems, wireless networks, and Bioinformatics. He has also published two books in scheduling and graph algorithms, and several book chapters in Bioinformatics. He is currently serving as the PI or Co-PI of several projects funded by NSF, NIH and Nebraska Research Initiative (NRI) in the areas of wireless networks and Bioinformatics. He has been leading a Bioinformatics Research Group at UNO that focuses on developing innovative computational approaches to identify and classify biological organisms. The research group is developing a new assessment system for evaluating transcription factor binding sites tools, and a stochastic model for predicting biomarkers in cancer. He has also been leading two funded projects for developing secure wireless infrastructure and using wireless technologies to address tracking and monitoring problems in medical environments.
Kathryn Dempsey is a PhD student at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in the Bioinformatics Specialty track. She graduated in December 2007 with a B.S. in Bioinformatics from the University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO), having completed just over two years of research under the supervision of the Nebraska INBRE program and UNO Bioinformatics Research Group. Kate has been honored with multiple Student Travel awards and most recently, a Best Poster award in October 2009 for original research investigating inner ear protein function with in-silico analysis. She has co-authored several papers related to motif finding tools in Bioinformatics. She is currently working on a chapter related to advanced sequence analysis techniques. Her current research focuses on the use correlation networks to discover new relationships among various biological elements, particularly in the domain of aging research.
Robert M. Patton is a researcher in the Applied Software Engineering Research group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He received his Ph.D. in Computer Engineering with emphasis on Software Engineering from the University of Central Florida in 2002. His research interests include nature-inspired computing as they apply to information processing and fusion, event detection, prediction, and analysis in the medical domain. He has developed new evolutionary algorithms for text analysis and applied these algorithms to the medical domains of mammography and abdominal aortic aneurysms. He is a member of IEEE, ACM and ACM’s special interest groups SIGEVO and SIGHIT.
SUBMIT INQUIRIES TO:
Hesham Ali (Primary Contact)
University of Nebraska at Omaha
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Robert M. Patton
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
IT ADOPTION AND EVALUATION IN HEALTHCARE
This minitrack focuses on the role of
adoption, implementation, diffusion, and evaluation factors and the interaction
of these factors at various levels to healthcare system success. These successes
or failures can be on individual, group, national and international level.
Papers may explore these issues for any form of healthcare technology (for
example telemedicine, PACS, electronic medical records, PDA's).
The minitrack is open to all methodologies including, but not limited to case study (business/information systems oriented), survey, experimental design, workflow and other forms of business process modeling, interview, content analysis, conceptual papers, and the various forms of quantitative analysis. In addition, we welcome innovative research focused on adoption, implementation, use, and evaluation in Healthcare. Work should be at a mature (data collected and some analysis performed), though not necessarily final stages. Completed, high quality research will receive special consideration.
Topics include but are not limited to:
Application of adoption, implementation, and diffusion theories, models, and constructs
to the health care context.
Adoption at the individual, project, organizational, or system level
SEND INQUIRIES TO:
Ton Spil (Primary Contact)
University of Twente
Idaho State University
Saint Louis University
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
Architecture and Applications in Healthcare Environments
We invite papers that address IT architectures and applications
in healthcare environments, which range from the management, communication,
social interactions and dissemination of data and information across healthcare
systems, to pervasive healthcare settings and intelligent, ubiquitous healthcare
environments. We would also like to receive papers from a spectrum of
disciplines involved in the delivery of healthcare: through contemporary
software technologies, smart healthcare solutions and environments based on
social-intensive healthcare data.
Specific topics of interest may include:
1. Integrated solutions in healthcare:
2. Pervasive healthcare applications:
3. Interactive Healthcare and Organisational/Management Mechanisms:
Submit inquiries to:
Radmila Juric (Primary Contact)
University of Westminster
Carnegie Melon University
Technology Mediated Collaborations in Healthcare(See Collaboration Systems and Technology Track for information)